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I’ve had the privilege of listening to lectures presented at the TRISAT Critical Care Webcast Series over the past decade that are webcasted throughout the state of Texas including Level 1 trauma centers. I have heard through this group as well as other internationally renowned lung ultrasound sonographers including Dr. Enrico Storti “that lung ultrasound is almost as good as computed tomography (CT) for wet lung conditions.” In fact, Dr. Storti made this statement at the World Congress of Veterinary Anesthesiology (WCVA) in Italy several years ago (2018) where I too was a speaker.
Picture of Dr. Storti, MD (taller) and me Dr. Lisciandro, DVM (shorter) as 2 Italian lung sonographers!
The only study that I am aware of in veterinary medicine that compares “wet lung” with the 3 major imagining modalities of thoracic radiography (TXR) to lung ultrasonography (LUS) to the gold standard computed tomography (CT) is by Dicker, Lisciandro, Newell, and Johnson published in 2020. Pulmonary contusions are “wet lung” conditions with blood (wet) being cuffed by aerated alveoli. “Wet lung” is characterized by the B-line or ultrasound lung rocket artifact. “Wet lung” artifacts are nonspecific, meaning that “wet lung” could be water, blood, or pus cuffed by aerated alveoli at the lung surface. Because they are nonspecific, “wet lung” is often referred to as alveolar – interstitial syndrome (AIS). There are less common causes of “wet lung”; however 95% of the time in small animals (author opinion), “wet lung” (B-lines, lung rockets are synonomous) is due to some form of alveolar – interstitial edema (i.e., water, blood, pus).
In trauma, “wet lung” represents lung contusions until proven otherwise. In the Dicker et al. study, these 3 imaging modalities were acquired within 30-minutes in the order of TXR 3-view to Vet BLUE® to the gold standard of CT. Click here for the link to the study’s abstract in pubmed.
Let’s look at the Clinician’s Brief article from just a few weeks ago that comments on our study. The review was written by Dr. Britt Thevelein, DVM, DACVECC. Click here for the link. See below for some of its excerpts:
This FASTVet Blog was written by Dr. Greg Lisciandro, DVM, DABVP, DACVECC. You may contact Dr. Lisciandro by email at [email protected] or by cell at 210-260-5576. Excerpts from Clinician’s Brief were used with their permission.
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